Persepolis

Ruins of ancient Persepolis

Welcome

Introduction

Persepolis remained lost to the world and buried in sand until the 1930s when excavations started. It is now now an archaeological site located in southern Iran and is one of the most artifact-rich archaeological sites in the world. It was named Parsa and known to the ancient world as The wealthiest city under the sun but later under subsequent Greek influence became known as Persepolis, The city of the Persians. This expansive land has been the cradle of an ancient civilization, and governmental center of Persian king of kings and several dynasties for millenniums.

Read the Historical Timeline » Persian Dynasties and Monarchs of 8000 Years

Banner - Achaemenid Dynasty

In the Persepolis monuments and structures, one could find the essentials, foundations, and lofty values of the Persian masterful architectures, because it was important for them what they built, why they built it, and for whom they built it. so, they have designed and created such masterpieces which one, by looking at each section of them, would feel pride and exaltation. While staying and appending time in the environment of Persepolis, one would feel good, peace, solace, optimism, and humbleness.

Ruins of Ancient Persepolis - The ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Persian Empire

Persepolis Ruins - Takhte Jamshid Persepolis Tourism
Gateway to all Nations and the entrance into the ancient city of Persepolis

Persepolis Ruins - Gate of All Nations
Eagle-Headed Griffin with a body of a Lion Guarding the Entrance during a misty day

Persepolis Ruins - Eagle-Headed Griffin Statue Guarding
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings

Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 3
Naqsh-e Rostam (Necropolis), Tomb of King of Kings. Oldest relief dates to 1000 B.C.E.

Persepolis Ruins - Naqsh-e Rostam
A Closeup image of Naqsh-e Rostam (Necropolis), Tomb of King of Kings.

Persepolis Ruins - Naqsh-e Rostam - Closeup
Tomb of King Dariush III

Persepolis Ruins - Tomb of Dariush III
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings

Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 1
The ruins of Persepolis at Dawn

Persepolis Ruins - Pars Province at Dawn
The Grand Entry: Dual entrance to the Palace, known as the Persepolitan stairway

Persepolis Ruins - The Grand Entry - Persepolitan stairway 1
Severely damaged ruins of the Palace of Emperor Xerxes the Great

Persepolis Ruins - Damaged ruins of Palace of Emperor Xerxes
Apadana Palace of Emperor Darius the Great at Daylight

Persepolis Ruins - Apadana Palace of Darius the Great at Daylight
The ruins of Persepolis on a hot persian summer day

Persepolis Ruins - Pars Province at Summer
The Throne Hall: Imperial Army’s hall of honour (also called Hundred-Columns Palace).

Persepolis Ruins - The Throne Hall
The Grand Entry: Dual entrance to the Palace, known as the Persepolitan stairway

Persepolis Ruins - The Grand Entry - Persepolitan stairway 2
Apadana Palace of Emperor Darius the Great at Night

Persepolis Ruins - Apadana Palace of Darius the Great at Night
Gateway to all Nations at Sunrise

Persepolis Ruins - Gate of All Nations at Sunrise
Engraving of a Winged Human Faced Lion guardian in Persepolis

Persepolis Ruins - Winged Lion Engraving 1
A double-headed horse that once sat on top of the tall columns on the site

Persepolis Ruins - Double-headed Horse 1
The winged symbol is the Fravashi, the guardian spirit of an individual

Persepolis Ruins - Fravashi Guardian Spirit Engraving 1
Enormous Human Headed Winged Lion guarding the entrance

Persepolis Ruins - Human Headed Winged Lion Guard 1
Persepolis, column capital in shape of Bull (A zoroastrian symbol of Earth)

Persepolis Ruins - Bull guarding the entrance to the Hundred-Column Hall 2
Apadana Palace of Emperor Darius the Great on a Rainy Dawn

Persepolis Ruins - Apadana Palace of Darius the Great on a Rainy Dawn
A double-headed horse that once sat on top of the tall columns on the site

Persepolis Ruins - Double-headed Horse 2
Another enormous Human Headed Winged Lion guarding the entrance

Persepolis Ruins - Human Headed Winged Lion Guard 2
Head of a bull guarding the entrance to the Hundred-Column Hall in Persepolis

Persepolis Ruins - Head of a guarding bull
The first Declaration of Human Rights written by Cyrus the Great

Persian History - Cyrus Charter of Human Rights
Old Persian Cuneiform writings: Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions

Persepolis Ruins - Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions
Engraving of a Winged Human Faced Lion guardian in Persepolis

Persepolis Ruins - Winged Lion Engraving 2
Close up of the Tripylon Staircase, showing the alignment of the Immortals

Persepolis Ruins - Bas-relief of the Immortals 2
Huge Relief of King Ardeshir I at Naqsh-e Rostam (Necropolis)

Persepolis Ruins - Relief of King Ardeshir
Bas-relief of Darius the Great’s Nowruz Audience, known as Treasury Relief

Persepolis Ruins - Bas-relief of Darius the Great
Bas-relief Of Persian Royal Guards

Persepolis Ruins - Bas-relief Of Royal Guards
Close up of the Tripylon Staircase, showing the alignment of the Immortals

Persepolis Ruins - Bas-relief of the Immortals 1
A closeup of the Lion vs Bull engraving at the Grand Entry: Dual entrance to the Palace

Persepolis Ruins - The Grand Entry - Engraving of Lion vs Bull
Ruins of Persepolis: A Guarding Lion capital statue (Lion is a zoroastrian symbol of Fire)

Persepolis Ruins - Lion capital statue
Engraving of a Winged Human Faced Lion guardian in Persepolis

Persepolis Ruins - Winged Lion Engraving 3
The ruins of the Hundred-Columns Palace

Persepolis Ruins - Hundred-Columns Palace
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings

Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 2
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings at Dawn

Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 5
The winged symbol is the Fravashi, the guardian spirit of an individual

Persepolis Ruins - Fravashi Guardian Spirit Engraving 2
Winged Human Faced Lion guardian (right) welcomes the Fravashi guardian spirit (left)

Persepolis Ruins - Lion guardian welcomes the Fravashi spirit
Enormous Human Headed Winged Lion guarding the entrance at Night

Persepolis Ruins - Human Headed Winged Lion Guard 3
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings at midnight

Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 4
Apadana Palace of Emperor Darius the Great on a Starry Night

Persepolis Ruins - Apadana Palace of Darius the Great on a Starry Night
Apadana Palace of Emperor Darius the Great

Persepolis Ruins - Apadana Palace of Darius the Great
The winged symbol is the Fravashi, the guardian spirit of an individual

Persepolis Ruins - Fravashi Guardian Spirit Engraving 3
Passing the entrance of the Gateway to all Nations

Persepolis Ruins - Gate of All Nations Passage
Double-Headed Eagle Guardian - Eagle is a zoroastrian symbol of Air

Persepolis Ruins - Double-Headed Eagle 1
Head of a bull guarding the entrance to the Hundred-Column Hall in Persepolis

Persepolis Ruins - Bull guarding the entrance to the Hundred-Column Hall 1
Gateway to all Nations and the entrance into the ancient city of Persepolis

Persepolis Ruins - Gate of All Nations at Night
The ruins of Persepolis at Night

Persepolis Ruins - Persepolis at Night
A mythical twin-headed animal with the head of an eagle and body of a lion

Persepolis Ruins - Eagle Engraving

O man, I am Cyrus son of Cambyses, who founded the empire of Persia and ruled over the World. Do not grudge me my monument. This is an inscription said, in antiquity, to have graced the Tomb of Cyrus the Great and it is the most imposing monument at Pasargadae. It was here that the great ruler and founder of the Persian Empire established his ceremonial capital for the Unification of All People around the known World.
Pasargadae - Tomb of Cyrus the Great on the occasion of the 2500th anniversary

Persepolis Ruins - Tomb of Cyrus the Great
The spirit of Simorgh of Shahnameh is within her modern descendent birds.

Persepolis Ruins - The Spirit of Simorgh of Shahnameh

Virtual Persepolis

Reconstruction of the Ancient Persepolis

(Before Current Era)
King of the Kings: Emperor Cyrus the Great of Persia

Art - Cyrus the Great
Reconstruction of Persepolis, the royal ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 1
Main Stairways to Terrace and Gates of Persepolis

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 2
Gateway to all Nations and the entrance into the ancient city of Persepolis

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 3
Reconstruction of Apadana Palace - The audience hall in Persepolis

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 1
The Tachara palace: Private palace of Darius the Great

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 5
Reconstruction of Persepolis, the royal ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 6
Reconstruction of Persepolis, the royal ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 10
Royal Residences of the Queen

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 11
The Grand Entry: Dual entrance to the Palace, known as the Persepolitan stairway

Art - The Grand Entry - Persepolitan stairway
Reconstruction of Persepolis: Private Residence of the King of Kings

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 8
Imperial Army’s hall of honour Ports (also called Hundred-Columns Palace).

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 7
Achaemenid Officer guarding at the entrance of Persepolis Palace

Art - Achaemenid Officer
King of the Kings: Emperor Cyrus the Great of Persia

Cyrus the Great in Babylonia
Emperor Cyrus the Great with beloved Shahbanu, Empress Cassandane

Emperor Cyrus the Great and Empress Cassandane
In remembrance of the mighty King of Kings (Shahanshah)

Art - Achaemenid
Queen Cassandane - Shahbanu of the King of Kings: Cyrus the Great

Cassandane - Shahbanu Wife of Cyrus the Great
Emperor Darius the Great in Persepolis entrance of Gateway of All Nations

Art - Darius the Great in Persepolis
Pasargadae - The Palace of Peace and the Tomb of Cyrus the Great of Persia

Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis - Tomb of Cyrus the Great - Pasargadae
Emperor Darius the Great (Darius I) with his mighty Queen, Atusa Shahbanu

Atusa Shahbanu - Wife of Darius the Great
The East Portal of the Apadana Palace of Darius the Great

Art - Apadana - East Portal
The largest and most complex building in Persepolis was the Audience Hall

Art - Apadana - Audience Hall interior
Construction of Persepolis monuments, masterpiece of Achaemenid art

Construction of Persepolis monuments
Emperor Xerxes the Great (Kheshayar Shah) with Grand Admiral Artemisia

Grand Admiral Artemisia with Xerxes the Great
Grand Admiral Artemisia discussing battle strategy with a Royal Navy officer

Grand Admiral Artemisia - Discussing Battle Strategy
Shahbanu Queen Esther Welcomed by Emperor Xerxes the Great

Xerxes the Great with Queen Esther
Emperor Xerxes the Great commanding the Persian Navy at the Battle of Salamis

Art - Emperor Xerxes and the Persian Navy
Entrance area to the city of Neo Babylon during Persian Achaemenid era

Art - Entrance of Cyrus the Great to Babylonia
Legendary Commander Apranik of the Persian Sassanid Army

Commander Apranik of Sassanid
Governor Rostam Farrokhzad - Mighty Sassanid Army General and Warrior

Rostam Farrokhzad
Irdabama was a highly Successful Historical Persian Business Woman

Irdabama - Historical Achaemenid Business Woman
Lieutenant Artunis discussing battle strategy with one of her female captains

Lieutenant Artunis of Darius
Shahbanu Queen Pari Satis, wife of King Darius II

Pari Satis - Wife of Darius II
Princess Turandokht, an icon of nobility and stature

Turandokht Sassanid II
The Achaemenid Unit of Persian Female Warriors. The Commander is in front

Persian Achaemenid Commander
The Burning and Looting of Achaemenid Persepolis

The Looting of Persepolis
The Burning of Persepolis
Alexander at the Tomb of Cyrus the Great in Pasargadae, Persia

Alexander at the Tomb of Cyrus the Great
Alexander and the Greek Seleucids Burning & Plundering Persepolis in Persia

Alexander Burning and Plundering Persepolis in Persia
Xerxes the Great with Shahbanu Queen Esther under the Lion in the Palace

Art - Xerxes the Great with Shahbanu Esther
Darius the Great hunting Lions to demonstrate his powers

Art - Darius the Great Hunting Lions
History of Wine making through the Ancient World of Persia

Art - History of Wine
King of the Kings: Emperor Cyrus the Great of Persia

Cyrus the Great
Pasargadae - The Palace of Peace and the Tomb of Cyrus the Great of Persia

Art - Pasargadae Tomb of Cyrus the Great
Persepolis: A Thousand and One Nights in the ancient Persian World

Art - Persepolis Fantasy
The Spirit of Lions and Lionesses of the past in the Ruins of Ancient Persepolis

Art - Persepolis Ruins - Lions of Persia
The Throne Hall: Imperial Army’s hall of honour (also called Hundred-Columns Palace).

Art - Imperial Army’s hall - Hundred-Columns Palace



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