Persepolis

The wealthiest city under the sun

Welcome

Introduction

Persepolis remained lost to the world and buried in sand until the 1930s when excavations started. It is now now an archaeological site located in southern Iran and is one of the most artifact-rich archaeological sites in the world. It was named Parsa and known to the ancient world as The wealthiest city under the sun but later under subsequent Greek influence became known as Persepolis, The city of the Persians. This expansive land has been the cradle of an ancient civilization, and governmental center of Persian king of kings and several dynasties for millenniums. UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979.

Timeline of Persia: 8th millennium B.C.E. to Present day »
Banner - Achaemenid Dynasty

In the Persepolis monuments and structures, one could find the essentials, foundations, and lofty values of the Persian masterful architectures, because it was important for them what they built, why they built it, and for whom they built it. so, they have designed and created such masterpieces which one, by looking at each section of them, would feel pride and exaltation. While staying and appending time in the environment of Persepolis, one would feel good, peace, solace, optimism, and humbleness.

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The Ruins of Persepolis

The Ruins of Persepolis

The ceremonial capital of Persia

Shiraz in Pars Province, Iran

Ruins of Ancient Persepolis - The ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Persian Empire
Persepolis Ruins - Takhte Jamshid Persepolis Tourism
Gateway to all Nations and the entrance into the ancient city of Persepolis
Persepolis Ruins - Gate of All Nations
Eagle-Headed Griffin with a body of a Lion Guarding the Entrance during a misty day
Persepolis Ruins - Eagle-Headed Griffin Statue Guarding
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings
Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 3
Naqsh-e Rostam (Necropolis), Tomb of King of Kings. Oldest relief dates to 1000 B.C.E.
Persepolis Ruins - Naqsh-e Rostam
A distance view of Naqsh-e Rostam (Necropolis), Tomb of King of Kings.
Persepolis Ruins - Naqsh-e Rostam - Closeup
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings
Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 1
The ruins of Persepolis at Dawn
Persepolis Ruins - Pars Province at Dawn
The Grand Entry: Dual entrance to the Palace, known as the Persepolitan stairway
Persepolis Ruins - The Grand Entry - Persepolitan stairway 1
Severely damaged ruins of the Palace of Emperor Xerxes the Great
Persepolis Ruins - Damaged ruins of Palace of Emperor Xerxes
Apadana Palace of Emperor Darius the Great at Daylight
Persepolis Ruins - Apadana Palace of Darius the Great at Daylight
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings
Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 6
The ruins of Persepolis on a hot persian summer day
Persepolis Ruins - Pars Province at Summer
The Throne Hall: Imperial Army’s hall of honour (also called Hundred-Columns Palace).
Persepolis Ruins - The Throne Hall
The Grand Entry: Dual entrance to the Palace, known as the Persepolitan stairway
Persepolis Ruins - The Grand Entry - Persepolitan stairway 2
Gateway to all Nations at Sunrise
Persepolis Ruins - Gate of All Nations at Sunrise
Engraving of a Winged Human Faced Lion guardian in Persepolis
Persepolis Ruins - Winged Lion Engraving 1
A double-headed horse that once sat on top of the tall columns on the site
Persepolis Ruins - Double-headed Horse 1
The winged symbol is the Fravashi, the guardian spirit of an individual
Persepolis Ruins - Fravashi Guardian Spirit Engraving 1
Enormous Human Headed Winged Lion guarding the entrance
Persepolis Ruins - Human Headed Winged Lion Guard 1
Persepolis, column capital in shape of Bull (A zoroastrian symbol of Earth)
Persepolis Ruins - Bull guarding the entrance to the Hundred-Column Hall 2
Apadana Palace of Emperor Darius the Great on a Rainy Dawn
Persepolis Ruins - Apadana Palace of Darius the Great on a Rainy Dawn
A double-headed horse that once sat on top of the tall columns on the site
Persepolis Ruins - Double-headed Horse 2
Another enormous Human Headed Winged Lion guarding the entrance
Persepolis Ruins - Human Headed Winged Lion Guard 2
Head of a bull guarding the entrance to the Hundred-Column Hall in Persepolis
Persepolis Ruins - Head of a guarding bull
The first Declaration of Human Rights written by Cyrus the Great
Persian History - Cyrus Charter of Human Rights
Old Persian Cuneiform writings: Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions
Persepolis Ruins - Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions
Engraving of a Winged Human Faced Lion guardian in Persepolis
Persepolis Ruins - Winged Lion Engraving 2
Close up of the Tripylon Staircase, showing the alignment of the Immortals
Persepolis Ruins - Bas-relief of the Immortals 2
Huge Relief of King Ardeshir I at Naqsh-e Rostam (Necropolis)
Persepolis Ruins - Relief of King Ardeshir
Bas-relief of Darius the Great’s Nowruz Audience, known as Treasury Relief
Persepolis Ruins - Bas-relief of Darius the Great
Bas-relief Of Persian Royal Guards
Persepolis Ruins - Bas-relief Of Royal Guards
Close up of the Tripylon Staircase, showing the alignment of the Immortals
Persepolis Ruins - Bas-relief of the Immortals 1
A closeup of the Lion vs Bull engraving at the Grand Entry: Dual entrance to the Palace
Persepolis Ruins - The Grand Entry - Engraving of Lion vs Bull
Ruins of Persepolis: A Guarding Lion capital statue (Lion is a zoroastrian symbol of Fire)
Persepolis Ruins - Lion capital statue
Engraving of a Winged Human Faced Lion guardian in Persepolis
Persepolis Ruins - Winged Lion Engraving 3
The ruins of the Hundred-Columns Palace
Persepolis Ruins - Hundred-Columns Palace
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings
Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 2
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings at Dawn
Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 5
The winged symbol is the Fravashi, the guardian spirit of an individual
Persepolis Ruins - Fravashi Guardian Spirit Engraving 2
Winged Human Faced Lion guardian (right) welcomes the Fravashi guardian spirit (left)
Persepolis Ruins - Lion guardian welcomes the Fravashi spirit
Enormous Human Headed Winged Lion guarding the entrance at Night
Persepolis Ruins - Human Headed Winged Lion Guard 3
Ruins of the Palaces of Persian King of Kings at midnight
Persepolis Ruins - Palaces of Persian King of Kings 4
Apadana Palace of Emperor Darius the Great on a Starry Night
Persepolis Ruins - Apadana Palace of Darius the Great on a Starry Night
Apadana Palace of Emperor Darius the Great
Persepolis Ruins - Apadana Palace of Darius the Great
The winged symbol is the Fravashi, the guardian spirit of an individual
Persepolis Ruins - Fravashi Guardian Spirit Engraving 3
Passing the entrance of the Gateway to all Nations
Persepolis Ruins - Gate of All Nations Passage
Double-Headed Eagle Guardian - Eagle is a zoroastrian symbol of Air
Persepolis Ruins - Double-Headed Eagle 1
Head of a bull guarding the entrance to the Hundred-Column Hall in Persepolis
Persepolis Ruins - Bull guarding the entrance to the Hundred-Column Hall 1
Gateway to all Nations and the entrance into the ancient city of Persepolis
Persepolis Ruins - Gate of All Nations at Night
The ruins of Persepolis at Night
Persepolis Ruins - Persepolis at Night
A mythical twin-headed animal with the head of an eagle and body of a lion
Persepolis Ruins - Eagle Engraving
O man, I am Cyrus son of Cambyses, who founded the empire of Persia and ruled over the World. Do not grudge me my monument. This is an inscription said, in antiquity, to have graced the Tomb of Cyrus the Great and it is the most imposing monument at Pasargadae. It was here that the great ruler and founder of the Persian Empire established his ceremonial capital for the Unification of All People around the known World.
Pasargadae - Tomb of Cyrus the Great on the occasion of the 2500th anniversary
Persepolis Ruins - Tomb of Cyrus the Great
The spirit of Simorgh of Shahnameh is within her modern descendent birds.
Persepolis Ruins - The Spirit of Simorgh of Shahnameh
Virtual Persepolis

Virtual Persepolis

Reconstruction of the Ancient Persepolis

King of the Kings: Emperor Cyrus the Great of Persia
Art - Cyrus the Great
Reconstruction of Persepolis, the royal ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 1
Main Stairways to Terrace and Gates of Persepolis
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 2
Gateway to all Nations and the entrance into the ancient city of Persepolis
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 3
Reconstruction of Apadana Palace - The audience hall in Persepolis
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 1
The Tachara palace: Private palace of Darius the Great
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 5
Reconstruction of Persepolis, the royal ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 6
Reconstruction of Persepolis, the royal ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 10
Royal Residences of the Queen
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 11
The Grand Entry: Dual entrance to the Palace, known as the Persepolitan stairway
Art - The Grand Entry - Persepolitan stairway
Reconstruction of Persepolis: Private Residence of the King of Kings
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 8
Imperial Army’s hall of honour Ports (also called Hundred-Columns Palace).
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis 7
Achaemenid Officer guarding at the entrance of Persepolis Palace
Art - Achaemenid Officer
King of the Kings: Emperor Cyrus the Great of Persia
Cyrus the Great in Babylonia
Emperor Cyrus the Great with beloved Shahbanu, Empress Cassandane
Emperor Cyrus the Great and Empress Cassandane
In remembrance of the mighty King of Kings (Shahanshah)
Art - Achaemenid
Queen Cassandane - Shahbanu of the King of Kings: Cyrus the Great
Cassandane - Shahbanu Wife of Cyrus the Great
Emperor Darius the Great in Persepolis entrance of Gateway of All Nations
Art - Darius the Great in Persepolis
Pasargadae - The Palace of Peace and the Tomb of Cyrus the Great of Persia
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis - Tomb of Cyrus the Great - Pasargadae
Naghsh-e Rostam - Tomb of Emperor Darius the Great and Atusa Shahbanu
Art - Reconstruction of Persepolis - Tomb of Darius the Great - Naghsh-e Rostam
Emperor Darius the Great (Darius I) with his mighty Queen, Atusa Shahbanu
Atusa Shahbanu - Wife of Darius the Great
The East Portal of the Apadana Palace of Darius the Great
Art - Apadana - East Portal
The largest and most complex building in Persepolis was the Audience Hall
Art - Apadana - Audience Hall interior
Construction of Persepolis monuments, masterpiece of Achaemenid art
Construction of Persepolis monuments
Emperor Xerxes the Great (Kheshayar Shah) with Grand Admiral Artemisia
Grand Admiral Artemisia with Xerxes the Great
Grand Admiral Artemisia discussing battle strategy with a Royal Navy officer
Grand Admiral Artemisia - Discussing Battle Strategy
Shahbanu Queen Esther Welcomed by Emperor Xerxes the Great
Xerxes the Great with Queen Esther
Emperor Xerxes the Great commanding the Persian Navy at the Battle of Salamis
Art - Emperor Xerxes and the Persian Navy
Entrance area to the city of Neo Babylon during Persian Achaemenid era
Art - Entrance of Cyrus the Great to Babylonia
Legendary Commander Apranik of the Persian Sassanid Army
Commander Apranik of Sassanid
Governor Rostam Farrokhzad - Mighty Sassanid Army General and Warrior
Rostam Farrokhzad
Irdabama was a highly Successful Historical Persian Business Woman
Irdabama - Historical Achaemenid Businesswoman
Lieutenant Artunis discussing battle strategy with one of her female captains
Lieutenant Artunis of Darius
Shahbanu Queen Pari Satis, wife of King Darius II
Pari Satis - Wife of Darius II
Princess Turandokht, an icon of nobility and stature
Turandokht Sassanid II
The Achaemenid Unit of Persian Female Warriors. The Commander is in front
Persian Achaemenid Commander
The Burning and Looting of Achaemenid Persepolis
The Looting of Persepolis
The Burning of Persepolis
Alexander at the Tomb of Cyrus the Great in Pasargadae, Persia
Alexander at the Tomb of Cyrus the Great
Alexander and the Greek Seleucids Burning & Plundering Persepolis in Persia
Alexander Burning and Plundering Persepolis in Persia
Xerxes the Great with Shahbanu Queen Esther under the Lion in the Palace
Art - Xerxes the Great with Shahbanu Esther
Darius the Great hunting Lions to demonstrate his powers
Art - Darius the Great Hunting Lions
Persians exported/traded wine as far away as southern Europe, Egypt, India and China.
Art - History of Wine
King of the Kings: Emperor Cyrus the Great of Persia
Cyrus the Great
King of the Kings: Emperor Cyrus the Great of Persia
Cyrus the Great in Peace
Pasargadae - The Palace of Peace and the Tomb of Cyrus the Great of Persia
Art - Pasargadae Tomb of Cyrus the Great
Persepolis: A Thousand and One Nights in the ancient Persian World
Art - Persepolis Fantasy
The Spirit of Lions and Lionesses of the past in the Ruins of Ancient Persepolis
Art - Persepolis Ruins - Lions of Persia
The Throne Hall: Imperial Army’s hall of honour (also called Hundred-Columns Palace).
Art - Imperial Army’s hall - Hundred-Columns Palace
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