Land of diversity
Persia was internationally renamed in 1935 to Iran, The Persians have always called their region The land of the Arians, from which the name Ērān (Iran/Aryan) comes (read more).
Historically, Iran has always been the local name for that region for millenniums, but later under subsequent Greek influence became internationally known as
Persia (named after the province of
Pars in Iran from where the Achaemenid Persian Kings and Queens ruled over half the known world.)
On 21 March 1935, the ruler of Persia, King Pahlavi I, officially requested all foreign governments to no longer refer to
Persia and it nearly took 25 years (until 1959) for the entire world to officially recognize and use the local term
It is a wide country in southwest/central Asia neighboring the Caspian Sea with landscapes that vary remarkably at different seasons. All southern borders of the country end to the shores of the mediterranean sea and Persian Gulf . Iran lies in a continental climate with great diversities and it has almost all the climates of the world in a single vast country with regions with different temperatures even at a specific period of time: Temperatures ranging from as low as minus -18°C in the north upto +50°C in the south.
It is a land of unique landscapes such as limpid water springs, Pomegranate orchards, pistachio gardens, rows of Lombardy poplars, decampment of nomads in different seasons, cheliferous nights, rocks, mountains, endless high and low lands, extinct volcanoes, luxuriant forests of Alborz mountain range, and coastlines of the Caspian sea are among the eye-catching and memorable landscapes of Iran’s nature which leaves unique memories in the minds of tourists.